Are you thinking of starting a poultry farm in Nigeria? Then look no further, because this article is designed with you in mind to ensure that you get started in doing poultry business in Nigeria.
Talking about poultry farming, the question that first comes to mind is ‘’What is poultry farming”? A clear understanding of this agribusiness will not only put food on your table but can also create job opportunities for others.
The first thing that must be done in your quest to start a successful poultry farm in Nigeria is to get the basic knowledge of what poultry business is all about. Therefore, this article will try to break it down step by step so everyone can understand.
What Is Poultry Farming?
Poultry farming is the process of raising domestic birds from the hatchling stage to maturity for the bother domestic and commercial purposes. We will be focusing on the commercial intent of poultry farming which focuses on raising the birds for the purpose of getting meat, eggs, feathers, etc. to sell and make money.
The birds that you can raise in poultry are chicken, turkey, goose, etc.
In this article, we will focus primarily on chickens.
Poultry farming in Nigeria is unique, viable, interesting, and very profitable, depending on the level of experience and capacity of the poultry farmer.
Important facts about poultry farming in Nigeria
- Nigeria produced 239,947 tonnes of poultry meat in 2019. The average annual growth rate for poultry meat in Nigeria was 3.26%, rising from 56,700 tonnes in 1970, to 239,947 tons in 2019. (Source: Knoema)
- Nigeria is Africa’s largest chicken egg producer (Source: NAIS)
- Local production of chicken only meets 30% of the demand for chicken eggs and meat in Nigeria. (Source: CSiro)
- Poultry farming is the most commercialized sector of the agribusiness (Source: Ifama)
Starting a poultry farm in Nigeria is specifically for either the producing of meat and eggs for consumption in Nigeria. This form of business as a commercial venture started historically in Nigeria from the ancient agricultural era, when our fathers cultivated and developed the capacity to do different farm works which include farming of crops, and animal husbandry which includes poultry farming.
This common practice in Nigeria has grown over the years to become a common phenomenon and an integral and indispensable part of the farming and agricultural system in Nigeria and indeed all around the continent of Africa. This is why till date, most families in rural areas still breed birds.
Read Also: How to start pig farming in Nigeria
The High Demands For Livestock Products
In Nigeria today, there is an appreciable high demand for agricultural livestock products, and the poultry farm produce remains a key component of this high demand and fast selling farm products on daily basis. While the market size and demand level are increasing daily due to the nutritional value of such poultry livestock like meat and eggs in the lives of the people, the growth of the population of our nation presents a yet larger opportunity for bigger income for farmers who decides to venture into this line of business for personal income generation.
Nigeria: Africa’s largest agricultural market
Nigeria with a population of 200 million people boast of being the largest producer of eggs and poultry meat in the whole of Africa. It still hasn’t met the unquenchable demands for poultry products that is so high that individuals resorted to importing same from overseas to augment this shortfall. This is before the ban by president Buhari’s government and the closure of the Seme border. As such, Nigeria currently relies heavily on local production of birds.
This simply means that as a poultry farmer if you get the basics right at the starting point, you will enjoy massive patronage with guaranteed income that can make you a lot of profit within 6 months to 12 months period.
Read Also: How To Start Catfish Farming In Nigeria
Key Steps to Starting a Poultry Farm in Nigeria
Are you contemplating starting your own poultry farm in Nigeria for either the production of eggs and meat? Then it’s only right you know the steps to take to do so. Understanding them and practicing same will ensure you become a successful poultry farmer from day one of your farming. So get ready to start rearing day old chicks into market-ready livestock.
Step1. Choose the Type of Poultry Bird To Rear.
Before you start your poultry business, it is very important to clearly identify the type of bird you want to rear. In Nigeria today, it is important to note the different types of chicken breeds.
- Broilers: Young male or female of this breed raised for meat. They grow from a hatch weight of 40g weight of appropriately to 1.5 to 2kg within 6 weeks only.
- Layers: Layers are hen used for commercial eggs production across the nation and then killed for meat for the general public’s consumption. Layers chickens are raised from one day old until they become fully grown and ready for commercial sales in 6 months. They start laying eggs at age of 18/19 weeks old, and this productivity cycle continues until they are 72/78 weeks of age.
- Cockerels: Cockerels are just like broilers. These are also for meat production and have huge and special market demand. However, their growth is very slow, unlike the broilers which grow into maturity very fast. Cockerels can survive in any environment.
Step2. Select a Suitable Farm Location/Site.
To start your poultry business, you need a farm site. This is important because the size of your poultry will determine the number of birds you can rear. If you have enough land in your backyard, you can just proceed to use it. If can’t afford a new site either by purchase or lease, then by all means you use what you have available to start small. While starting small, you should make it a priority to grow your business with time. A good poultry farm site should be away from noisy and polluted environment.
Step3. Provide a Good and Secure Shelter for The Birds.
When it comes to starting a poultry farm in Nigeria, housing is the next most important factor after you finally secure a farm site. You must note that getting proper poultry shelter is key to getting a good income as this will ensure the protection and security of the birds. The shelter should be spacious with lights inside that will help to keep them warm and strong.
The poultry farm should also have adequate, clean, and fresh drinking water sources. It should also be free from predators like snakes, foxes, weasels, etc. Sometimes even dogs and cats can be predators.
If possible, the site should be easily accessible from the main road so as to cut transportation costs.
Step 4. Feeding and Medication of The Poultry Birds.
For commercial poultry production, good, quality and high nutritious food is the key to success in the poultry farming business in Nigeria. A well-fed poultry bird will fetch you more money and buyers anytime.
Also, providing good medication for the birds will ensure they are healthy and safeguard your investment from any losses through disease outbreaks.
Step 5. Marketing and Sales
This aspect of the business is very critical if you intend to succeed and make good money from your investment. You have to be your own marketer from day one and contact the potential buyers even before the birds mature.
How Profitable is Poultry Farming Business In Nigeria
You can start this business with the sum N300, 000 and within 6 months you can make 100% profit or more in 12 months. With a 1million naira investment, you make up N2million in profit same period.
In concluding this article, it is very important to note that to succeed, you require a practical guide, mentoring, and expert advice. So find someone close by who is into poultry farming and get their guidance before starting out.